The growth in the number of computer systems and the increasing reliance upon them by individuals, businesses, industries, and governments means that there is an increasing number of systems at risk.
Utilities and industrial equipment
Internet of things and physical vulnerabilities
Below are the some points from where vulnerabilities and attacks possible.
In computer security a countermeasure is an action, device, procedure or technique that reduces a threat, a vulnerability, or an attack by eliminating or preventing it, by minimizing the harm it can cause, or by discovering and reporting it so that corrective action can be taken.
Some common countermeasures are listed in the following sections:
Secure operating systems
Capabilities and access control lists
End user security training